- Compliance with the law;
- Compliance with constitutional terms;
- Skill, care diligence and integrity;
- Acting in investors interests, including alignment of interests and conflict of interests;
Compliance with the law is the foundation of every corporate governance framework. Being primarily responsible for this, the manager has to have appropriate systems in place to monitor, confirm and disclose compliance to the investors and non-executive officers. The non-executive officers should oversee the manager in all these respects, and should be able to seek external advice on these matters. The investors should make any and all necessary information available to the manager and are expected to immediately highlight any doubts they may have about the vehicle’s legal compliance.
The manager, the non-executive officers and the investors should all have access to sensitive information about the investment vehicle and its involved parties. This information must be treated according to the agreements in the constitutional terms. In general the need to maintain confidentiality has to be balanced against the need to ensure transparency and if there is a conflict, the need for transparency should prevail. However, information which, when disclosed, would create a competitive disadvantage to the vehicle, is expected to be treated as confidential and not to be disclosed widely. Confidentiality provisions should indenture all investors with the same restrictions and may not effectively prohibit investors exercising their rights under the constitutional documents.